Breed of bees

If your dream is the apiary, the first thing you need to figure out what breed of bees are there and what are the differences between them. Each breed differs the health, character, resistance to frost, as well as appearance.

bee breed

Today all over the world can count about two dozen kinds of bees. In this article we will show you the most common breeds of bees.

Yellow Caucasian breed

To yellow Caucasian breed of bees can be attributed to all the yellow bees Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan. The color of the body of the bees gray with bright yellow rings. One day a bee weighs 90 mg, and the proboscis of her - 6,6-6,9 mm. Weight barren uterus is 180 mg, and fetal - 200 mg.

did you Know? Characterization of the fertility of the uterus of this breed of bees is amazing: it can reach up to 1700 eggs per day. Your brood sow uterus usually in the lower cells.In a warm, mild climate of the yellow Caucasian bees feel most comfortable with. Long cold winter is not for them. In their natural habitat, at a temperature of +8 °C, can make winter overflights. The use of honey in winter is extremely low. Early spring performance yellow Caucasian bees are actively developing.

bee breed

Yellow Caucasian breed of bees

Relevant this species of bees is good, go to 10 swarms and can lay about 100 Queen cells. Experienced beekeepers claim that ROE could be 2-3 of the uterus, and after a swarm of bees enters the hive, they leave the best uterus, while killing the rest.

Yellow Caucasian bees are peaceful enough. When visiting the nest of bees, the uterus does not stop his work, and the bees do not leave the framework. Frame Propolisum profusely, leaving a wet, dark seal honey.

Bees are good enough to steal and can attack other families, with their nests, they defend poorly. Capable of good harvest propolis and pollen, actively working, they can collect a lot of honey. Volkovitsch the bees low. They move quickly from one bribery to another, working in bad weather is not reduced. To adapt to the hot climate well, as well as for transportation.

Central rock

Central Russian breed of bees today is prevalent worldwide, but its homeland is Central and Northern Europe.Young bees of this breed are quite large, they can weigh up to 110 mg. the body of the bee is dark grey, covered with sparse long hairs to a length of 5 mm, and the proboscis - up to 6.4 mm. When attacked by bees, bad enough they can protect the nest and not able to steal from others.

Important! It's a pretty vicious bees: during the inspection of their nests they will behave aggressively, leaving a honeycomb and grapes to sit on the lower frame. Propolisum nest. They are well used violent bribe. First and foremost bees are filled with honey stores; if the place was filled, they use the nest, reducing breeding of the brood. If you lose the uterus, then in the family a long time bees Trutovsky not appear.

bee breed

Central Russian breed of bees

Unlike other species, Central Russian bees are better than others are able to withstand frosts. As the winter club of carbon dioxide in the range of 4%, this leads to the fact that bees are at rest, reducing the activity. This kind of bees swarming very well. Quite often half of the apiary is in a swarm condition.

Bees gather honey from buckwheat, Linden and Heather. On productivity they may exceed other types of bees. Signet of honey they have white. Can collect large amounts of pollen and have a good volkovitsch.

Mountain grey Caucasian bee

Gray mountain Caucasian breed of bees has found its place in the mountainous regions of Transcaucasia and the Caucasus. Bees of this species are very peaceful. They have the long proboscis - up to 7.2 mm. weight at the one-day working bees reaching up to 90 mg, the fertilized Queens to 200 mg, and barren up to 180 mg a day fertility of ewes up to 1500 eggs.

Socket propolisovaya abundantly, signet of honey is wet and dark. This breed of bees often attack other nests, while perfectly able to defend themselves. If you see a nest of bees, then they will behave friendly, not stopping work on the combs, even if its to get. A distinctive feature of this species is that they are very well collect nectar. Can easily find a source of the bribe, the fast changing plants, which find nectar.

bee breed

the Mountain gray Caucasian bee

When a sufficient allocation of nectar from buckwheat and lime on productivity do not exceed the Central Russian bees. Primarily honey collected in the broodnest of the nest, and then - in extensions. Relevant the gray Caucasian bees are low, only 4-5% can be in swarming condition. But can lay from 8 to 20 Queen cells.

To switch from a swarm state in working for bees is easy. If bees do not hibernate in their native land, the susceptibility to frost is lowered them, in contrast to Central Russian. Transportation tolerate well.

Carpathian breed of bees

Habitat this species of bees of the Carpathian mountains. The body of the bee is gray, the proboscis has a length of 7 mm and a weight of worker bees 110 mg. Fetal uterus weighs 205 milligrams, and barren - 185 mg. In the spring, when high intensity development of families, fertility uterus can reach up to 1800 eggs per day. A feature of these bees is that they are able at an early age to start collecting. Bees collect nectar, which contains little sugar. Carpathian bees are very peaceful, they remain calm during the inspection socket, not stopping his work, relevant are low.


Carpathian breed of bee

Signet of honey is white in color and dry. The productivity of the families is high, can reach up to 40 kg. Carpathian bees can find the source of the bribe, to quickly switch from one to another, not to be in swarming condition. However, if the weather is unfavorable, SATCOM bees do not fly.

In Vasoprotectives Carpathian bees inferior to the Italian and Russian breeds. When you attack a nest protection, thus prone to theft. Harvesting pollen from this breed are low. Carpathian bees are indifferent to the wax moth, so you should pay attention to the pest of honeycombs.

Ukrainian steppe bee

Ukrainian breed bees inhabit areas of forest-steppe zone of Ukraine. The body of the bee, light gray, length of the proboscis reaches to 6.63 mm. Weight barren uterus, about 180 mg, and fetal - 200 mg. Fertility the uterus reaches up to 2300 eggs per day, may increase to the main gathering honey from the lime tree, acacia.

In the spring, colonies develop slowly, because they do not fly in cool weather. During the inspection of the nests bees are calm, but they are not as peace-loving as gray Caucasian. Socket Propolisum medium, the collection of honey is moderate.

bee breed

Ukrainian steppe bee

Signet of honey is white, dry. In adverse weather the bees for nectar not fly. When it comes time for the main harvest of honey, bees have mastered the sunflower, which in Ukraine grows a large number. Collecting nectar, bees can Ukrainian for 5 km to fly away from the apiary.

Swarming the breed average. To steal the bees are not inclined, but the attack can protect the nest. Harvesting of pollen are low. The productivity of Ukrainian bees quite good, up to 40 kg. Experienced beekeepers reported honey harvest at 120 kg frost Resistance is high enough. Transportation tolerate well.

Italian breed of bees

The birthplace of the Italian breed of bees is modern Italy. All breeds of honeybees are in demand, but this is the most widespread in the world. There are several types of Italian bees color: gray, trehpolosaya and Golden. It is quite a large bee, weight working up to 115 mg, and a proboscis to 6.7 mm. the Mass of barren females is 190 mg, and fetal - 210 mg. Fertility the uterus reaches up to 2500 eggs per day in a large number of seeding on the combs.

During the inspection of the nests of bees are in a calm state. It is easier for the bees to find the nectar source near the nest, so you can often steal from the neighbouring families, with their nests, they are guarded well. This breed has good productivity, can easily switch from one to the other the source of the bribe.

bee breed

Italian breed of bees.

Development begins in late spring and lasts until late summer, giving them the opportunity to build their families. Primarily bee honey collects in the upper extension and the housing, and when they are filled, the collection is transferred to the nest.

Signet of honey with a wet, white or gray. In unfavorable weather conditions for nectar not fly. Beautiful build, smooth, very neat cell. Well, harvest the propolis and pollen. Relevant the Italian bees average.

Important! As bees are guided by colour, rather than by location, you can fly into the neighbouring hives. the Bees of this breed are thermophilic and therefore poorly resistant to frost.Transport suffer badly.

Karnika, or Krajina bee

Karnika, or Krajina breed of bees lives in Austria and Yugoslavia. The body of the bee is dark grey, the length of the proboscis reaches to 6.8 mm, and weight of the working bees - 110 mg. Barren uterus weighs 185 mg, and fetal - 205 mg. Fertility the uterus reaches 200 eggs per day.

bee breed

Karnika, or Krajina bee

A characteristic feature is the peacefulness karnicki, but when visiting the cell, behave restlessly and relentlessly move through it. Relevant Krajina bees moderate, if not bribes, then it increases. The development of families of bees can be described in a certain gradation: the growth of the family goes pretty fast, so you need to have time to expand the nest and start collecting honey. When collecting honey in the first place, fill the socket housing, and then extensions and upper body.


Breed of buckfast bees is the most popular and recognized worldwide, their characteristics is one of the best. They are very hardworking and at the same time not evil. Bees can fit in any conditions, but most of all I love the rain. Initially they were used for the control of mites, which were a threat to the bee trachea. The whole apiary could die from this parasite.

did you Know? This breed brought by the British monk. To get a new breed, he crossed the dark and Italian bees, and the result was a persistent, tenacious breed buckfast.

bee breed


Buckfast withdrawn from the Italian breed, so they have a lot in common. The only difference is the dark color buckfast, and the size and length they are the same. Buckfast bees tolerate cold poorly, but well resistant to diseases. Have excellent flair, peaceful, not attacking other bees.

Are characterized by high productivity in the production of honey, bring a lot of pollen, working all day long. One uterus can lay eggs for a long time. Not afraid of wind, rain, fog. The buckfast breed even in autumn, when the temperature is +10 °C, collecting pollen and nectar. In the nests of little propolis, in contrast to the Italian breed.

did you Know? The buckfast Queen of the breed can interbreed with other breeds.to See the nest whenever. During the inspection of the nests of bees free the upper part of the frame. Unlike the Italian bees, the buckfast breed in January is still in the nest, waiting for when warm weather.