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Calving cows. How to prepare for calving. Receiving calf

For any farmer, there comes the responsible moment in the barn for new born calves. At this time you need with increased attention to care of livestock – both for adults and youngsters, feed them and protect from potential diseases. the How is the calving cows how to quickly help her to recover from generic stress and how to care for young calves, will be discussed in this article.

calving cows

The calving cows is an important event

What is the calving cow?

The hotel is the last stage of pregnancy the cow, which ends with the birth of a calf. Breeders of cattle, in preparation for the big time together with the chick, behave differently. Some hard to fatten a cow feed with a high content of calories that it and future calf didn't need the lack of food. Others believe that the cow is on the contrary to keep on a starvation diet and do not try to fatten her up. They hope that so will be easier calving and complications will be avoided.

Be prepared for calving need long before the chick will have signs of calving. In the beginning experienced the farmer is calendar pregnancy and calving cows to about to see when to expect addition.

signs of calving

To prepare for calving should begin in advance

The beginning of calving should wait after chick begin to fend off the herd, it is bad to eat and drink, will be fearful. The last factor can affect that pregnant cows will be delayed and will be disadvantaged. To avoid this, the owner should be attentive to the expectant mother.

How to prepare for the calving?

Properly prepare the cow for calving – then get her a good seed and high yield. Before calving the cow should have a rest, you need to know how and when to start it. What it means to run a cow? Start means, stop milking a cow, gradually reducing the number of milkings. After it is reduced to one milking a day, sdaivat milk start to the day.

Seven days later the cow will give about half a liter of milk. This is a clear indication that you can start (stop milking). Massage the udder during startup experts do not recommend to do.

For 60-70 days before the birth it's time to gradually transfer the cow on deadwood, during which time she must make up vitamin and mineral reserves of the body. From the diet exclude future Chicks succulent forage, root crops, silage, feed and other concentrates, give less water, and finally transferred to hay.

pregnant cow

It is very important to correctly balance the ration

In the hottest time of year, when you run cows, is also gradually removed from the diet of concentrated feed and green grass and reduce the duration of stay of the animal in the pasture.

Feed the cow before calving, as a rule, is moderate. Its weight should increase in the range of 50-75 pounds to be able to call it a fad, but not greasy. A pregnant cow is fed three times a day (mode at one time) good hay, beets, potatoes, pumpkin, bran, and corn bran. In food it is important to add salt and sprinkle with chalk. Fresh running water give the animal before eating. It should not be very cold.

Depending on the conditions in which lives the cow before calving, also depends, as will labor. The cow in the barn should be covered with dry, because the cold or damp floor may cause inflammation. In a bright room is not welcome drafts.

Pregnant cow, like any expectant mother should walk more often. Due to walk, she feels well, and her intestines, heart, circulatory system work better. Hygiene is also very important. A dirty place is washed with warm water and wipe dry, skin brush.

The Signs of a calving cow

Pregnancy in the cow occurs as a rule 285 days. the Symptoms of calving of the cow manifest itself in her appearance. Approximately two weeks before the birth. Mostly from pronounced symptoms of calving are the following:

  • belly sags and falls;
  • ligaments in the root of the tail relaxed look;
  • sacrum, drops;
  • the sexual organs swell and become red color;
  • the udder becomes more filled with future milk – colostrum.

There is a popular superstition that "If the udder is swelling immediately in front, wait for the chick in the back – the light will be a bull."

Before calving the separation of the cow represent the viscous liquid goo.

calv

Before calving the cow appear distinctive features in the behavior

To announce the approach of childbirth will help behavioral signs of cows before calving. The animal starts to worry, then falls, then rises, crossing her front legs, grunts and looks around as if expecting help. Or Vice versa eschews, when trying to calm down.

If it happens in the summer, another sign of imminent calving cows is her reluctance to walk together with the whole herd. She fights back, hiding in the ravines and thickets, looking for a private place for the birth of your baby. Interestingly, this place may appeal to other cows-mothers, and then they often look down at him.

You may notice that on the day of calving pelvis of the animal diverge, expanding and freeing the calf path to the exit. Between the bones is placed a large hand? It's time to prepare for the calving cow and calf.

Acceptance of a calf during a calving cow

Calculations according to the table of calving coincide with the first signs of the impending birth. The room where happens the long-awaited event, cleaned and whitewashed. Toddler waiting at the light. You only have to disinfect a new mother, having washed her ass and legs with potassium permanganate or with a solution of creolin (2%). Instead of caked litter to put in the stall dry straw. On it lay a clean burlap or a dense fabric. Excellent health cow does not guarantee a successful outcome. To relieve the suffering of cows, it is important to be ready for them.

The cow at birth or lying on its side, or standing. Fights become more often appears shiny amnion (gray, sometimes yellow). If it is intact, it can break after the appearance of the limbs of a calf.

In the normal position of the forward hooves coming up the front legs on them the head. The norm is also considered if the calf is out back legs. Lasts a good easy calving no more than 30 minutes.

calf

Newborn calf

If after half an hour the cow was still in labor, the fetus is stuck in the middle, and attempts a weak, she needs help.

As soon as the calf is born, its mouth and nose with a clean cloth immediately removed the generic slime, wipe the eyes and face. The umbilical cord is cut 10-12 inches off the tummy, squeeze the blood and treated with iodine.

A cow after calving should rest for a while. Change the litter again. Ass, belly and udder of the newly-minted mom, you should lather and rinse with warm water, dry with a cloth.

What problems can occur during and after calving

The care for a cow after calving requires special attention, because the layman is difficult to identify how easy or difficult was the birth.

Some of the disease of cows after calving can lead to disastrous results, so it's best not to delay calling the vet, especially if in the process of calving had actively interfere with the host animal.

Disastrous consequences for the animal can be caused by the fact that after calving the cow is not cleared. The fact that during calving the cow has not moved the last, it's easy to understand that the animal continues much push back is curved, hanging from the inside of the shell, which were the fruit. If time does not notice the cow after calving such allocation and not to help the cow at least during the day, the placenta will begin to decompose and the smell of rot, and her body is imbued with deadly germs.

care of cows

Very important during the calving and after it to take care of a cow and a calf

If the cow does not get up after calving, this may be a symptom of other nasty diseases – PRP (puerperal paresis). Sometimes serious consequences paresis cow draw attention to themselves just after calving. The disease can manifest itself in the form of light, when the cow can stand up, but her body is tight and unnaturally curved. A severe form of the disease is fraught with paralysis.

The farmer may not realize that the paralysis began even before birth and was manifested in insecurity of the animal, careful steps and volatility. Cause of paresis may be as poor care, and improper feeding.

Another unpleasant sore, accompanied by the fact that the cows are lying down and not eating after calving, can be postpartum hypocalcemia. Here the reasons are simple: springing cow ate a lot, had moved and earned obesity. And have not yet received in abundance vitamin D. lack of It leads to a decrease in blood levels of calcium and phosphorus.

How to care for a newborn calf

As soon as the calf was born, should be given the opportunity to be him with the cow. She will lick it with your tongue and thereby cleanse the pores, it improves the blood flow.

The first days the baby should be in a warm non-residential premises and feed colostrum. Cow colostrum nutritious, it contains the mother's antibodies that strengthen the immune system receptive of the kid in his first 24 hours of life and will not allow the germs to enter his body. It is therefore important to get him 1 liter of colostrum immediately after birth, and in the following days to give his calf a warm (38 degrees) five times a day. Between feedings calf watered with warm boiled water.

newborn calf

Just born calf

When the baby turns two weeks, it can be translated into three meals a day. So he didn't need vitamins, give him chalk and table salt. To avoid diseases of the stomach, do not feed the calf fed with sour milk. If he suddenly appears diarrhea, just need water – both in pure form and added to fresh milk.

After 16 days the calf gently begin to feed hay, but with the end of the first month of life as a succulent feed give small portions (100-200g) red carrots.

The baby was growing healthy and his skin is constantly clean. And, of course, changing Mat. Walking for calves is also helpful.

Feeding heifers after calving

Fresh cow after calving give warm water, and after about an hour milking colostrum and solder the calf. If all is well, the day the cow is milked 5-6 times. Food Horny mom in the first few hours give an exceptionally soft hay in the menu of the second day include liquid trubnoy cereal (not more than 1 kg). And only after 20-30 days of recovered cows may resume a regular diet.

To cows to get more milk, you need to arrange for her proper feeding. To do this, in a good economy, there are straw of spring, steppe or meadow hay, corn silage, beets, potatoes, watermelon or pumpkin.

feeding cows

It is Desirable to feed the calf 4-5 times a day

As after calving to feed the cow, as each cow is different, the need for food? The farmer must follow a diet of a pet and daily routine. Cows with high milking capacity indicators are fed 4-5 times a day. If productivity is average enough three meals a day.

The basis of the diet – hay (3 kg per 100 kg of live weight). But if it is poor quality and contains a lot of fiber to digest it. Therefore, before feeding it is necessary to shred, steamed, cut or grind.

To increase milk yield influences the use of succulent feed, such as potatoes, due to which perfectly functioning digestive system. Concentrates – bran, oil cake are added depending on the magnitude of the milk yield.

In summer the cows should graze, because pasture is a great source of minerals and vitamins.

How to razdobit a cow after calving. Udder care

Milking cow after calving time, when she rested a little less than an hour. On the udder of the cow are four mammary glands, each with its own nipple. Inside the base there is a small cavity – it is colostrum.

the first Milking cows – another crucial moment after calving. It is important not to harm the cow, to help her release the udder so that it did not appear cracks and tumors, so it is not inflamed. To do this, wash it with clean water, wipe and do the massage. Last promotes better blood circulation after his udder to produce more milk, fat which each time increases. A healthy animal with proper handling, will repay the farmer a good yield.

milking cow

The Milking of a cow after calving.

How to do udder massage after calving to correctly razdobit a cow? Need to know what he is carried out twice – before and after milking. At first the massage is done on the right side of the udder: take it in both hands, raising and lowering, gently stroking the skin and nipples. The left half is doing the same thing.

Thereafter, the milking process – the nipple is clamped in the fist, so as not to damage it. Starting slowly with the front nipple, the first squirts are forced out separately, and then do the same with the rear nipples. Continue milking quickly and without interruption, alternately changing nipples. To milk a cow you need to completely as the last drops of milk fat are more, and the process contributes to razdevanie cows. At the end of milking again, doing massage, and then wipe off the udder, nipples smeared with oil or vaseline.

Calving cows – the event is exciting. An experienced farmer understands that without him the animal would be hard to handle, even if the birth process goes without complications. To prepare for the appearance of the calf in advance, and then the probability of having healthy offspring will increase. And the cows will reward the owner with excellent milk.